Contraception including is a means of preventing unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.

Contraception methods
Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Gynecologist can help you choose a method of protection. Every woman, leading or just preparing to start sexual life, should be aware of the advantages or disadvantages of different types of contraception.

Hormonal contraception.
An oral contraceptive is a pill that must be taken once a day at the same time, regardless of whether intercourse is planned or not. There are several types of birth control pills. Combination oral contraceptives contain estrogens and gestagens, which suppress ovulation. There are alternative medications that contain only gestagen. They can be used if there are contraindications to estrogens. The risk of an unwanted pregnancy occurs when the medication is used incorrectly.

A hormone ring is a transparent, flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina. It releases the hormone continuously. It is inserted every 3 weeks with a break of 1 week.

Intrauterine hormone system – is a small T-shaped device with a reservoir containing the hormone that is inserted into the uterine cavity by the doctor. The IUGS works by continuously releasing a low dose of the drug into the uterus. This is a great method for forgetful women.

A contraceptive implant is a small device, the size of a matchstick, that is inserted under the skin of the inner surface of the forearm, where it continuously releases a low-dose hormone into the bloodstream. The hormone prevents oocyte maturation in the ovaries and makes the cervical mucus more viscous, which makes it difficult for sperm to enter the uterine cavity and fertilize the egg.

Any hormonal medications are selected and prescribed by a gynecologist. When they are used, an annual checkup is recommended to assess safety:

Breast ultrasound on day 6-9 of your menstrual cycle
Pelvic ultrasound on day 5-7 of the menstrual cycle
Biochemical blood test (total bilirubin, ALT, AST, glucose, cholesterol)
Hemostasis system study (fibrinogen, D-dimer)
Emergency contraception is a contraceptive pill to be taken during the first 72 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse. The drug is safe for the female reproductive system: it delays the exit of the ovule from the ovary, preventing ovulation, and therefore is not a medical abortion. However, it is not a method of permanent contraception. With frequent use it can lead to serious violations of menstrual function.

Barrier contraception.
Condoms are the only method that, in addition to protecting against unwanted pregnancy, helps to avoid s

exually transmitted diseases. You can use it as an independent method of contraception, and in combination with other methods, such as hormonal contraception.

The only contraindication for its use can be an allergic reaction to latex or components of lubricant.

Intrauterine contraception.
This is a method in which a special coil with a coating of some metal is inserted into the woman’s uterine cavity, helping to avoid fertilization. The spiral is inserted by a gynecologist after examination, which helps exclude certain contraindications to its use. This contraceptive is inserted for the period from 5 years.

Chemical contraception.
These are spermicides – substances that affect the sperm, leading to their destruction. The effectiveness of this method is low, requires the introduction of the drug a few minutes before each sexual intercourse.

Physiological contraception.
The calendar method is a method by which the woman determines at what stage of the menstrual cycle she is, choosing the “safe” days for sexual intercourse. The calendar method requires the woman to observe the signs of ovulation. There are a number of different methods, such as tracking the days of the menstrual cycle, tracking temperature fluctuations, observing changes in the viscosity of cervical mucus. Suitable only for healthy women with a stable menstrual cycle. An unplanned pregnancy can occur if there is an error in the calculation of the day of ovulation. Often combined with the method of interrupted intercourse (its use requires a lot of self-control, experience and trust).

These methods are unreliable and inferior to modern contraceptives.

Surgical contraception.
This is a method of sterilization if the couple decides they no longer want children. Once sterilization is performed, fertilization becomes impossible. To date, there are male and female sterilization methods. Male sterilisation is carried out by ligating the spermatic cord, which prevents the passage of sperm cells and results in male sterility. Female sterilization is performed laparoscopically (through small incisions on the abdomen) by ligating/transecting the fallopian tubes.